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Scientific Name: Gudusia chapra (Hamilton, 1822)
English Name: Indian River Shad
Bengali Name: Chapila
Availability: The species is distributed widely in the country and known to inhabit all rivers and streams. It is also found in reservoir, haors, baors, ponds and floodplains .(Rahman 2005, Saha 2007).
Habitat and Ecology: This is a freshwater; pelagic fish and found in ponds, beels, canals and rivers. The fish is omnivore and surface feeder in habit, feeds mainly on phytoplankton, zooplankton, debris, plant and animal matters (Saha 2007).The species avoids weedy areas and prefers clear water.
Justification: Gudusia chapra occurs in rivers, reservoirs, ponds, lakes, beels, canals and floodplains throughout the country and is fairly common within its habitat ranges (Saha 2007). It is apparent that its population has declined due to habitat loss and indiscriminate harvesting (Ahmed 2002) and also its production has declined by about 48% from beel habitats over the last 10 years (FRSS 2012). But, no empirical data or information is available on declining population from other water body types of the country. In contrast, in Kaptai Lake a 50% increase in production has been observed over the last 10 years (FRSS 2012). Although, the estimated Extent of Occurrence (2,17,467.88 km²) and the Area of Occupancy (11,856.77 km²) values are higher than the upper thresholds for IUCN Redlist Vulnerable category, however, considering its population decline caused due to potential levels of exploitation and habitat loss, and continued widespread threats, the species is assessed as Vulnerable.
[Source: Red List of Bangladesh, Volume 5: Freshwater Fishes]