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Scientific Name: Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch, 1795)
English Name: Mrigal Carp
Bengali Name: Mrigal
Availability: This species is widely distributed throughout Bangladesh (Rahman 2005). This species has been reported from the vast and different regions of the country, in particular from the river Padma, Jamuna, Brahmaputra,Titas, Sangu and from the Halda River (Hossainand Haque2005, Rahman and Akhter 2007, Ahmed 2008, Azadi andArshad-Ul-Alam 2013, Galib et al. 2013).The species had been introduced outside of its native range for stocking reservoirs for aquaculture.
Habitat and Ecology: This fish inhabits rivers, lakes and ponds (Rahman 2005). Cirrhinus cirrhosus is essentially a plankton feeder, but also browses on algae in marginal shallows. Juveniles are omnivorous and adults are herbivorous. It breeds during May-July in shallow sections of selected rivers. (Talwar and Jhingran 1991, Rahman 2005).
Justification: Cirrhinus cirrhosus is widely distributed but not common in its habitats. In recent faunal survey, the distribution of Cirrhinus cirrhosus was observed in most study sites but its abundance was low. The habitats of the species are being destroyed due to the accelerated anthropogenic activities. Though, the Extent of Occurrence and Area of Occupancy are higher than the threshold values of lowest Threatened Category, this species is assessed as Near Threatened considering significant population decline due to habitat loss.
[Source: Red List of Bangladesh, Volume 5: Freshwater Fishes]