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Scientific Name: Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822)
English Name: Giant Snakehead
Bengali Name: Gajar
Availability: The Padma, Padma distributaries, Borulia haor (Nikli, Kishorganj), Mahananda, Choto Jamuna, Ichanoi Beel (Gaibandha), Dogger Beel (Chandpur), Titas (Rahman 2005, Ahmed and Akhter 2008), larger haors in Greater Sylhet and Mymensingh Districts, beels and larger water bodies in Dhaka, Manikganj and Tangail Districts.
Habitat and Ecology: It is a carnivorous, surface dweller, predatory fish and prefers deep clear water with muddy, sandy and rocky bottom. When water dries up it goes deeper into the mud to avoid desiccation and death. It breeds with the onset of monsoon.
Justification: Channa marulius is a wide spread species but scarce in comparison to other species of Channa. Although, there is no reported population decline it is inferred that its population has been reduced over 50% in the last ten years due to over exploitation and habitat destruction. Therefore, this species is assessed as Endangered (EN).
[Source: Red List of Bangladesh, Volume 5: Freshwater Fishes]