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Scientific Name: Badis badis (Hamilton, 1822)
English Name: Badis
Bengali Name: Koi
Availability: This fish is found in rivers, canals, beels, haor, ponds, ditches and swamps throughout Bangladesh (Rahman and Chowdhury 2007), but always in an insignificant number.
Habitat and Ecology: It occurs in freshwater canals, beels, ditches, paddy fields and swamps (Rahman 1989). This fish is benthopelagic and lives among vegetation in swamps and floodplains. It feeds on worms, crustaceans and insects (Rahman and Chowdhury 2007). The species is capable of changing its colour like a chameleon.
Justification: Badis badis is distributed in a wide range of habitats throughout the country, but observed significantly low in number the catches over time. Recent fish catch statistics of the 30 study sites that monitored monthly for at least three years under a Community-Based Resource Management Project of Local Government Engineering Department, showed that the B. badis negligibly occurred in annual catches averaging just 0.06 to 0.08% (Mahaldar and Mostafa 2013). Moreover, it has some consistent threats of habitat destruction. Hence, the species Badis badis is assessed as Near Threatened.
[Source: Red List of Bangladesh, Volume 5: Freshwater Fishes]