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Scientific Name: Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Name: Walking Catfish
Bengali Name: Magur
Availability: The fish has been reported from the rivers and wetlands (such as muddy ponds, canals, ditches, swamps and floodplains) all over Bangladesh.
Habitat and Ecology: This species is an omnivore and considered as scavenger. It searches for food actively and consumes a wide variety of prey, including eggs or larvae of other fishes, small fishes and a number of invertebrates, such as annelids, crustaceans and insects. It attains maturity at the end of the first year of its life and breeds in shallow water during monsoon in May-July (Alam 2007). This fish is able to survive in warm, stagnant, often hypoxic waters (Alam 2007). C. batrachus inhabits fresh- and brackish waters and found in a wide variety of water bodies including lakes, rivers, ponds, ditches, canals, floodplains and even in mangrove streams. It is nocturnal in habit (Alam 2007).
Justification: Clarias batrachus is widely distributed throughout Bangladesh and occupies a wide variety of water bodies. Threats to the species are general and it has the ability to withstand marginalized and poor quality water allowing it to thrive in adverse conditions. Moreover, the species is cultured in many parts of the country. Therefore,the fish is unlikely to face a risk of extinction in near future. Hence, C. batrachus is assessed as Least Concern.
[Source: Red List of Bangladesh, Volume 5: Freshwater Fishes]