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Scientific Name: Nandus nandus (Hamilton, 1822)
English Name: Mottled Nandus
Bengali Name: Bheda, Meni
Availability: It occurs in all types of fresh and brackish waters including ditches, ponds, beels and inundated fields throughout Bangladesh (Rahman 2005, Ahmed 2008).
Habitat and Ecology: This species is capable of changing color to camouflage against its environment. Prey on small fishes and other aquatic organisms (Hossain et al. 1991). It inhabits rivers and floodplains. Commonly collected in the winter months from dried-up beds of tanks, beels, etc. (Ahmed and Akhter 2008).
Justification: The wide distribution of Nandus nandus is clearly evident from its occurrence in all over Bangladesh. However, the abundance of this species is gradually reducing which can be easily inferred from the poor catch and less availability of this species in the local markets. The Extent of Occurrence and Area of Occupancy exceed the threshold values of the Threatened Category. Wahab (2007) has identified loss of habitat and over-exploitation as the threats for this species. Hence, this species is assessed as the Near Threatened.
[Source: Red List of Bangladesh, Volume 5: Freshwater Fishes]