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Scientific Name: Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822)
English Name: Catla
Bengali Name: Katol
Availability: The species occurs throughout the country except the estuaries (Rahman 2005, Rahman and Chowdhury 2007) and has been reported from almost all parts of the country, including major river systems and other water bodies (NACOM 2008, Bashar et al. 2009, Chakraborty and Nur 2009, Azadi and Arshad-Ul-Alam 2013, Flowra et al. 2013, Galib et al. 2013).
Habitat and Ecology: Catla catla inhabits freshwaters and found in rivers, lakes, haors, baors and culture ponds and also in seasonal floodplains (pers. obs.). It is surface and mid-water dweller and omnivorous fish in habit, with juveniles feeding on insects, detritus and phytoplankton. Main food consists of algae, crustaceans and higher plants. It breeds in selected parts of certain rivers in June-July (Rahman and Chowdhury 2007).
Justification: Catla catla is widely distributed in all ranges of freshwater habitats of Bangladesh, although its abundance is observed to be low. In spite of its continued decline in the past and existing threats, the reduction in population abundance appears less than 20% during the last 6-7 years (Ahmed et al. 2015). Captive breeding of the species is widely practiced and the fish is cultured extensively almost in all parts of the country. The species has also been introduced in floodplain culture fisheries. The estimated Area of Occupancy (1,11,856.76 km2) and Extent of Occurrence (2,17,467.88 km2) are far above the threshold values for any IUCN threatened category. Hence, the species is assessed as Least Concern.
[Source: Red List of Bangladesh, Volume 5: Freshwater Fishes]